You’ve got a wildcard certificate you’ve been using on your cPanel server, and you’ve created loads of subdomain SSL accounts, only now your wildcard cert is expiring and there is no trivial way in WHM to replace a wildcard cert and have it replace the cert in use on all the subdomains that use the same original certificate.
Fear not: I have a script for that. I have tried to make the comments useful, so pass no further comment here. This script basically does a two-pair search and replace – so searching and replacing the crt filename, and the key filename.
Hopefully this is useful for someone.
#!/bin/bash # # replaceSSL.sh - v0.1 - Phillip Baker, Netcalibre Ltd - email@example.com # # WARNING: THIS SCRIPT DIRECTLY MANIPULATES CPANEL METADATA FILES. # # BACK UP /var/cpanel/userdata FIRST IF YOU DECIDE TO USE THIS SCRIPT # IF SOMETHING GOES WRONG, RESTORE THE /var/cpanel/userdata FILES FROM # YOUR BACKUP AND CALL /scripts/rebuildinstalledssldb AND YOU SHOULD BE OK # # NO WARRANTY, NO GUARANTEES. WORKS FOR ME. MAY NOT WORK FOR YOU. # DO NOT RUN THIS SCRIPT IF YOU DO NOT UNDERSTAND WHAT IT DOES AND CANNOT # FIGURE OUT FOR YOURSELF IF IT WILL BREAK SOMETHING. # # This script should be run sudo/su as root. # # Quickly replace one SSL cert and key file for another already existing on cPanel server # then rebuild apache config and the ssl.db before restarting apache. # # Useful when replacing a wildcard cert on lots of subdomain accounts # # Install the new cert on the server using WHM in the usual way on one of the accounts # (perhaps you install it on the root - example.com - account) # # Determine the old cert string you are targeting by looking in a subdomain using # the old certificate still: # cat /var/cpanel/userdata/<username>/subdomain.example.com_SSL | grep crt # # Will spit out a crt filename that looks a bit like: # _wildcard_example.com_aad23_12314_124112312_adsfasdfasdfasdfasdf.crt # # Determine the new cert string in the same way from the domain you installed the new cert on # cat /var/cpanel/userdata/<username>/example.com_SSL | grep crt # # Do the same for the old / new key (if the key is unchanged, just specify the same string # twice) # # Then: ./replaceSSL.sh <oldcrt> <newcrt> <oldkey> <newkey> if [ $# -ne 4 ]; then echo "./replaceSSL.sh <oldcrt> <newcrt> <oldkey> <newkey>" exit 1 fi OLDCRT=$1 NEWCRT=$2 OLDKEY=$3 NEWKEY=$4 CRTFOUND=0 # change to the appropriate directory cd /var/cpanel/userdata/ # For each _SSL file for i in `find . -iname *_SSL` do if grep -q $OLDCRT $i then CRTFOUND=1 echo $i # copy to an intermediate file, precrt has the original file before the crt is replaced cp $i $i.precrt # modify the metadata file to replace the crt filename sed "s/$OLDCRT/$NEWCRT/g" $i.precrt > $i # copy to another intermediate file, prekey has the file after the crt was replaced # but before the key was replaced cp $i $i.prekey # modify the metadata file to replace the key filename sed "s/$OLDKEY/$NEWKEY/g" $i.prekey > $i fi done if [[ "$CRTFOUND" -eq 1 ]] then # rebuild apache config /scripts/rebuildhttpdconf # restart apache service httpd restart # rebuild ssl.db so that the WHM "Manage SSL hosts" section looks accurate /scripts/rebuildinstalledssldb # Once you're sure it worked echo "Pausing so you can check apache is still working and SSL Manager looks sane" echo "Press enter if everything is ok, or press ctrl-c to keep *.precrt/*.prekey files" echo "for manual inspection to try and figure out what went wrong." read # clean up for i in `find . -iname *.precrt` do rm $i done for i in `find . -iname *.prekey` do rm $i done else echo "Old cert string not found - no changes made!" fi